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Learn about IoT (Internet of Things)

With the passing of time, the world is advancing towards a reality that impulses the connection of the various devices the market of technology has. Just by looking at how today, people can connect with each other through different continents, we can appreciate a reality that long ago sounded like a science fiction movie.

In the following article by Guinea Mobile, we will teach you more about what Internet of Things is and the great network that allows thousands of devices to be connected with each other.

What is Internet of Things?

Internet of Things, or IoT, refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the Internet, all of which collect and share data. Thanks to the arrival of super cheap computer chips and the ubiquity of wireless networks, it is possible to turn something as small as a pill to something as large as an airplane into a part of IoT. Connecting different objects and adding sensors to them adds a level of digital intelligence to otherwise normal devices, allowing them to communicate data in real time without involving a human. The Internet of Things is constructing the world around us in a smarter and more responsive way, merging the digital universe with the physical.

Practically any physical object can be transformed into an IoT device if it can be connected to the internet to control it or to communicate information.

internet of things

A light bulb that can be turned on through a smartphone app is an example of IoT device, just like a motion sensor or a smart thermostat in your office or a connected streetlight. An IoT device can be as playful as a children’s toy or as serious as a driverless truck.

Some larger objects can contain smaller IoT components within them, like a jet engine that is now filled with thousands of sensors that collect and transmit data to make sure it is working efficiently. On an even larger scale, intelligent city projects are filling entire regions with sensors to help us understand and control the environment.

What are the benefits of IoT?

The benefits of IoT for businesses depend on their particular implementation; where agility and efficiency are often the main considerations. The idea is that companies should have access to more data about their own products and their own internal systems. Then, as a result, achieve a greater ability to make changes.

Manufacturers are now adding sensors to the components in their products, so they can transmit data that evaluates their performance. This can help companies detect when a component is likely to fail and change it before it causes damage. Companies can also use this generated data with these sensors to make their systems and supply chains more efficient, because they will have much more accurate data on what is really happening.

What is the Industrial Internet of Things?

The Industrial Internet of Things or the “Fourth Industrial Revolution” are all names given to the use of IoT technology in a business environment. The concept is the same as the consumer IoT devices at home, but in this case the goal is to use a combination of sensors, wireless networks, big data, AI and analytics to measure and optimize industrial processes.

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If introduced throughout the supply chain rather than just in individual companies, the impact could potentially be greater with just-in-time material delivery and end-to-end production management. Increasing the productivity of the workforce and saving costs are two potential goals, but the IoT can also create new sources of income for companies. Rather than simply selling a standalone product, such as an engine, manufacturers can also sell engine maintenance.

What are the benefits of the Internet of Things for consumers?

IoT promises to make our environment, meaning our homes, offices and vehicles, more measurable and easier to interact with. Smart speakers like Amazon’s Echo and Google Home make it easier to play music, set timers or get information. We can look at another example, home security, where systems have made it easier to track what’s going on inside and outside a house, and also to see and talk to visitors. On a similar note, smart thermostats can help us heat our houses and them to be ready just before we return. Also, smart light bulbs can make it seem like we are home when really we’re not.

Looking beyond our home, sensors can help us understand how noisy or pollute our environment is. Self-driving cars and smart cities could change the way we build and manage our public spaces.

What is the relationship between IoT and information analysis?

An IoT device is likely to contain one or more sensors that it will use to collect data. What these sensors collect will depend on the individual device and its designed task. Sensors inside industrial machinery can measure temperature and pressure. A security camera may have a proximity sensor along with sound and video, while your home weather station probably has a humidity sensor. All of this sensor data, and much more, will need to be sent somewhere. This means that IoT devices will need to transmit data and will do over channels such as Wi-Fi, 4G, 5G and more.

Technology analyst IDC estimates that within five years, IoT devices will create 89.4 zettabytes of data. Some of this IoT data will be “small and bursty” says IDC, a quick update like a temperature reading from a sensor or a reading from a smart meter. Other devices can create large amounts of data traffic, such as a video surveillance camera that uses computer vision.

IDC stated that the amount of data created by IoT devices will grow rapidly in the upcoming years. Most of the data is generated by video surveillance, he said, but other industrial and medical uses will generate more data over time.

IDC also mentioned that drones will be a big driver of data creation using cameras. Looking further, autonomous cars will also generate large amounts of rich sensor data, including audio and video, as well as data from more specialized automotive sensors.

At Guinea Mobile, we care about being at the forefront of the latest technological advances. If you are looking to improve communication in your company, get in touch with us, and we will help you.

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